After carefully studying Meteor for weeks now, trying to find that right development approach, I believe that Meteor is following the MVVM pattern, in contrary to MVC (that is followed by Rails). I found many sites and documents that contradict one another - such as multitude of MVC in a variety of regions or the non-wikipedia MVCVM for example. It matches when I take a look on how I would create something in Meteor (and it makes perfect sense).
Yet, I do not find an official reference on the Meteor website. Did I miss it or is it following something entirely else? Because it isn’t obvious, someone from a Rails background like me would most likely look for the typical MVC approach and could get confused. I firmly think I am on the right track, a good confirmation that I’m right - or solid arguments that I’m wrong - would allow me to venture forward. And might help someone to understand Meteor just that extra little bit better.
I placed a question about this on SO: